He Has Anointed Me; Gospel Commentary for the Baptism of the Lord By Father Raniero Cantalamessa, OFM Cap:
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ROME, JAN. 11, 2008 (Zenit.org).- Jesus himself gives an explanation of what happens to him in the baptism in the Jordan. Returned from the Jordan, in the synagogue at Nazareth he applies to himself the words of Isaiah: "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me. He has anointed me ..." Peter uses the term "anointed" in the second reading, speaking about Jesus' baptism. He says: "God has anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power."
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What we have here is a fundamental concept of the Christian faith. The name "Messiah" in Hebrew and "Christos" in Greek mean "anointed." We ourselves, the ancient Fathers said, call ourselves Christians because we are anointed in imitation of Christ, the Anointed par excellence. In our language, the word "anointed" has many meanings and not all of them are positive. In antiquity, anointing was an important element in life. Athletes were anointed with oil so that they could be quick and agile in races and men and women were anointed with perfumed oil so that their faces were beautiful and resplendent. Today, for the same purposes, there is an infinity of products available and many of them are derived from various types of oils.
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In Israel the rite had a religious significance. The kings, the priests and the prophets were anointed with perfumed oil and this was the sign that they were consecrated for divine service. In Christ all of these symbolic anointings become reality. In the baptism in the Jordan he is consecrated king, prophet and eternal priest by God the Father. This did not happen through the use of material oil but through spiritual oil, that is, through the Holy Spirit, "the oil of joy," as a Psalm says. This explains why the Church highlights so much the anointing with sacred chrism. There is a rite of anointing in baptism, in confirmation, in the ordination of priests and there is the anointing of the sick (which was once called "extreme unction").
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